Can Violent Protest Change Local Policy Support? Evidence from the aftermath of the 1992 Los Angeles riot . American Political Science Review , 113 (4), 1012-1028. In 1991, someone filmed an African American being beaten by four white police officers for resisting arrest in Los Angeles, and edited it and sent it to major media for distribution. On April 29, 1992, the jury acquitted the four white police officers. The verdict immediately caused serious riots in Los Angeles . Many white passersby were attacked to death, the store was broken into, looted and set on fire. It came to an end after tens of thousands of people were arrested. Just a month after the riots, Los Angeles held a referendum, because this referendum is so close to the riots, the referendum results are likely to be affected by the riots.
However, such a design whatsapp database is obviously not enough. This article is designed like this: The riots occurred in 1992. Before the riots in 1990 and after the riots in 1992, Los Angeles had exactly two referendums in the past two years, one on whether to increase the budget of public elementary schools, and the other on whether to increase the budget of universities. And because in the United States, the enrollment rate of African-Americans in public elementary schools is relatively high, the referendums in public elementary schools are often tied to the racial attitudes of the people. In contrast, the public has less racial considerations for the referendum on public universities.
Of course, this assumption here must be established, and the inference method of the whole article will be established. As Wu Songru, a doctoral student in economics at Duke University, pointed out that if the American people in the sample here think that the college budget is also a racial issue that tends to be white, Then the experimental design results here may overestimate the impact of the riots.) Therefore, the experimental group and the control group appear here. The control group is the number of votes in the 1676 district of Los Angeles in 1990 and 1992, and the experimental group is the number of votes in the 1990 and 1992 votes for the public elementary school budget.